International Alliance for COVID-19 Community Response
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IACCR国际培训班第四课来袭—— 疫情应对的国际国内模式交流(上)

Issuing time:2021-07-01 16:41

IACCR国际培训班第四课来袭——

疫情应对的国际国内模式交流(上)

IACCR国际培训班第四讲课程于今日上午9:00准时开课,学员们热情不减,直播课现场气氛活跃。

本期课程主要围绕“疫情应对的国际国内模式交流”。新冠疫情已成为全球性的一大挑战,那么国际国内的应对模式有何异同,是否可以相互借鉴、取长补短呢?那么本期课程的特邀授课专家将会带我们了解相关内容,一起往下看吧。

嘉宾介绍

Imran Ur Rahman

应用经济学博士、副教授。《聚焦中国》杂志专栏作家、IACCR和英国RES机构的成员。主要研究方向是经济发展、扶贫、灾害风险管理、项目管理、监测评估与研究(MER)、环境经济学、农村发展、国际贸易和公共政策。

Eko Agus Prawoto

建筑师。主张将生态和建筑相融合,他把当地的知识和现代设计联系起来。对他来说,建筑的世界必须是上下文相关的。他重点研究抗震建筑,Prawoto教授发现用竹子、稻草和椰子树建造的建筑在地震中要好得多。

Abdhesh Kumar Gangwar

博士,RCE机构斯利那加负责人。曾任印度环境教育中心(CEE)高级项目主任。致力于推动可持续发展教育,旨在实现一个可持续的、气候智能和抗灾社区。Gangwar博士及其团队的研究被2007年获得诺贝尔和平奖的政府间气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)报告所采用。

内容介绍


一、“预防”重于“治疗”,加强国际合作,共同抗击疫情

Imran博士为我们带来的主题分享是“全球视角下看各国应对模式”。

Imran博士主要向我们介绍了全球主要国家应对新冠疫情的政策、中国的对策以及巴基斯坦的做法和全球视角下所面临的挑战和主要议题。


Imran博士提到各国应对新冠疫情的政策主要为:居家限令和接种疫苗。基本上采取封闭管理的方式:关闭学习、工作场所和公共交通;取消公共活动;限制国际旅行;要求戴口罩等。

他提到中国应对新冠疫情的对策主要围绕:吸取教训、隔离封锁、跟踪追踪和政策救济,取得了抗击疫情的伟大胜利。而巴基斯坦采取隔离、乡村和妇女组织、特别小队、绿色就业倡议和政府救济。


Imran博士说,疫情还未结束,要对新一轮病毒和病毒株做好防御准备,尽快完成疫苗接种工作,提升地方和政府组织之间的伙伴关系。

二、基于社会文化的行动计划更有利于保证有效性

Eko教授为我们带来的主题分享是“印度尼西亚对抗新冠疫情——雅加达的教训和反思”。

Eko教授分享到一开始武汉疫情爆发时,由于信息的不完整,产生了很多的猜测和解读,引起了很多人的恐慌。当雅加达实行封锁后,工人失去了收入,但是人们紧密团结在一起,开展了如“公共厨房”运动之类的互助活动。

Eko教授强调在新冠疫情中信息传播的重要性,最新的正确的信息对于缓解人们不必要的恐慌十分重要,而政府和互联网就起到了重要的作用。随着第二波疫情的到来,人们在长期的高压下已经在身体上和心理上感到精疲力尽,这一问题是之后需要重点关注的问题。

“对于生活在同一个星球上作为人类我们来说,这是一个学习过程。这是一个非常重要的课程决定我们下一次生存的能力。”

三、我们需要重新审视我们的生活方式,建设可持续性、气候友好性、抗灾型社区

AKG博士为我们带来的主题分享是“印度新冠疫情响应模式交流”。

AKG博士主要向我们介绍了印度应对新冠疫情三个阶段采取的行动、面临的危机、实行封锁的阶段及影响、如何挽救生计等内容。

在新冠疫情爆发后,印度政府首次在全印度范围内执行《灾害管理法案(2005)》来应对这一公共卫生危机。之后提出了“抗疫5步”,改变国民的卫生习惯、扩建卫生基础设施。第三阶段,印度预先规划、积极执行政策,针对“老人、妇女和弱势群体”制定了特殊的保障政策。

AKG博士提出“此次大流行已按下重置键,我们需要重新审视我们的生活方式,发扬我们从抗击新冠肺炎疫情中得到的优良经验,重建更好的可持续性、气候友好性、抗灾型社区。”

本期课程带我们了解其他国家应对新冠疫情的政策,让我们在对比中反思不足,得到收获,让我们有更强大的能力去抗击新冠疫情,期待下期课程的到来。



Highlights in the Forth IACCR Lecture of the International Training Course –

“Mode Exchanges Under International and Domestic Response to COVID-19”

(Part 1)

The forth lecture of the IACCR International Training Course started on time at 9:00 am today. The feedback from the participants was good, which souped up the discussions in live class as well.

This course focuses on “Mode Exchanges Under International and Domestic Response to COVID-19”. COVID-19 has become a major global challenge. What are the similarities and differences between the international and domestic response models? Can we learn from each other? The answers will be found in today’s lecture.

Guest Introduction

Imran Ur Rahman

Ph.D.and Associate Professor in Applied Economics

Columnist for Focus on China

Member of IACCR and RES UK

Major Research Direction:

Economic Development, Poverty Alleviation, Disaster Risk Management, Project Management, Monitoring, Evaluation and Research (MER), Environmental Economics, Rural Development, International Trade and Public Policy.

Eko Agus Prawoto

Architectadvocating ecological architecture.

He links local knowledge with modern design. For him, the world of architecture must be contextual. He focused on earthquake-resistant buildings, and Professor Prawoto found that buildings made of bamboo, straw and coconut trees could resist the vibration.

Abdhesh Kumar Gangwar

Ph.D., head of RCE Agency Srinagar.

He was a Senior Program Director at the Indian Centre for Environmental Education (CEE). He committed to promoting education for sustainable development aimed at achieving a sustainable, climate-smart and resilient community. Dr. Gangwar and his team's research was used in the 2007 Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which won the Nobel Peace Prize.


Content

“Prevention” is more important than “treatment”. We need to strengthen international cooperation to jointly fight against the epidemic.

The theme shared by Dr. Imran is “The Communication on Domestic and International Models of Pandemic Response”.Dr. Imran mainly introduced to us the policies of major countries in the world to deal with the COVID-19, China’s countermeasures, Pakistan’s practices, and the challenges and main issues facing them from a global perspective.


Dr. Imran mentioned the main policies of major countries in response to the COVID-19, which are: home restrictions and vaccination. A majority of countries adopt a closed management approach: school closures, workplace closures, limit on public transportation, cancellation of public activities, restrictions of international travel and   mask obligation.

He also mentioned that China’s response to the COVID-19 mainly revolved around learning lessons, isolation and blockade, tracking and tracking, policy relief, and China itself has achieved a great victory in the fight against the pandemic. Pakistan has adopted general lockdown, utilized village and women’s organizations, established special teams, pushed ahead green employment initiatives and government relief.


At last, Dr. Imran pointed out that the epidemic is not over yet, so it is necessary to prepare for a new surge, complete the vaccination work as soon as possible, and enhance the partnership between local and government organizations.

Socio-cultural action plans are more conducive to ensuring effectiveness

The theme shared by Professor Eko is “Indonesia’s Fight Against the COVID-19 – Lessons and Reflections from Jakarta”.

Professor Eko shared that when the epidemic in Wuhan broke out at the beginning, due to incomplete information, many speculations and interpretations were generated, which caused panic among many people. When Jakarta imposed the lockdown, the workers lost their income. But people united closely to carry out mutual assistance activities such as the “public kitchen” movement.

Professor Eko emphasized the importance of information dissemination in the COVID-19. The latest and correct information is crutial to alleviate people’s unnecessary panic. The government and the Internet have played an important role. With the advent of the second wave of the epidemic, people have been physically and psychologically exhausted under long-term high pressure. This issue will be in great concern.

“For us human beings living on the same planet, this is a learning process. This is a significant lesson that may determine our capacity to survive next time.”

We need to re-examine our way of life and build a sustainable and climate-friendly community.

The theme shared by Dr. AKG is “Communications on India’s Pandemic Response Models”.

Dr. AKG mainly introduced to us the actions taken by India in the three responding stages, the crisis it faces, the stage and impact of the blockade, and how to save livelihoods.

For the first time since the outbreak of the COVID-19, the Government of India has implemented the Disaster Management Act (2005) across India to address this public health crisis. Then it put forward the “five steps to fight the epidemic”, which changes the national health habits and expands the health infrastructure. In the third phase, India has planned and actively implemented policies and developed special safeguard policies for “the elderly, women and vulnerable groups”.


Dr. AKG pointed out that “The pandemic has pressed the reset button. We need to re-examine our lifestyle, carrying forward the excellent experience we have gained from fighting the epidemic, and rebuilding a sustainabile, climate friendly, and disaster resistant community.”

This course takes us to understand the policies of other countries to deal with the COVID-19, allowing us to reflect on our personal lack by comparison. In this way we could have a stronger capacity to fight against the epidemic.

Looking forward to our next session.